Nitronic 50 is a premium austenitic stainless steel featuring superior corrosion resistance compared to 300 or 400 series stainless steel. It offers enhanced strength, low magnetic permability, and remains non-magnetic in cold environments – making it an excellent choice for high-risk applications like medical implantations
Nitronic 50 stainless steel, also known as UNS S20910 and XM-19, is an austenitic stainless steel with a blend of strength and corrosion resistance that is better than Stainless Steels 316, 316/316L, 317, and 317/317L. In fact, XM-19 has twice the yield strength at room temperature compared to Stainless Steels 316/316L and 317/317L. Additionally, it has good mechanical properties at elevated and sub-zero temperatures. Other characteristics that set XM-19 apart from other grades of stainless steel are that it does not become magnetic when severely cold worked and it has outstanding corrosion resistance in harsh environments such as marine applications.
XM-19 is composed of between 20% and 23% chromium, 11% to 13% nickel, 4% to 6% manganese, and 1.5% to 3% molybdenum, with the balance being iron. Also found in XM-19 are trace amounts of carbon, silicon, sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen, columbium (or niobium) and vanadium. As noted previously, it is much stronger than Stainless Steels 316/316L and 317/317L; however, the same fabrication equipment and procedures used for the Stainless Steel 300 grades can be utilized for XM-19. In addition, the same cooling techniques used for Stainless Steels 316/316L and 317/317L can be utilized for XM-19.
XM-19 can be a confusing alloy to work with, as there are three different types of conditions used for numerous applications. The three conditions are annealed, as-rolled and high strength. As-rolled is a term used by the mill to state the fact that it is a “rolled” material. All conditions of XM-19 are first rolled. Both the annealed condition and the as-rolled condition are rolled at the same temperature. To acquire XM-19 annealed, the material would first be rolled, followed by either a mill or local annealing process which lowers the tensile and yield properties resulting in a more workable material. On the other hand, transforming XM-19 into the high strength condition can only be done at the mill after the original rolling process, which is done at a lower temperature than annealed and as-rolled material to further help increase the properties. Then high strength material is rolled a second time and later cold worked, which again increases the physical properties of the material even more.
Nitronic 50 Chemical Composition
Nitronic 50 Physical Properties
|Density||7.88 g/cm3||0.285 lb/in3|
Nitronic 50 Mechanical Properties
|Properties||Tensile strength||Yield strength||Elongation||Hardness|
|Metric||690 MPa||380 MPa||35%||293|
|Imperial||100 ksi||55 ksi||35%||293|
Fabrication and Heat Treatment
Stainless steel grade Nitronic 50 has machinability characteristics that are similar to other austenitic stainless steels; however it requires slower speeds, more power, and higher rigidity due to its high work hardening rate. It is recommended that coated carbide tooling be used.
Stainless steel grade Nitronic 50 can be formed using the same methods applied for other austenitic stainless steels. More power for forming and forging is needed for this alloy. Forging can be done at 1177-1204°C (2150-2200°F).
Welding of stainless steel grade Nitronic 50 can be performed using traditional joining processes. Recommended filler metal should be Nitronic 50W (AWS E/ER209).
Caution should be taken while using autogenous, high power density joining processes such as EB or laser welding, due to low FN potential and severe outgassing possibility.
Final annealing process performed for several of the applications, is done at 1065°C (1950°F), which is followed by water quenching. In case this material is used in a strongly corrosive environment, annealing should be done at 1121°C (2050°F). This alloy cannot be hardened by heat treatment.
- Bars & Rods & Foring Ring /Flanges
- Sheet & Plate
- Strip & Coil
- Welding Wire &Spring wire
- Seamless Tube & Welded Pipe
»Round Bar & Square Bar & Hexagon Bar
● Diameter : φ8～φ300mm Length:10mm-6000mm
● Hot forging, Hot Rolling, Cold Drawing
● Bright Surface, Polished Surface, Black Surface
»Tube & Pipe:Seamless Tube& Welded Pipe
● Cold Drawing Seamless Pipe： φ1.0～φ220mm
● Hot Extrusion pipe: φ50～φ250mm
● Others : U Blend Tube and Elbow
»Hot Rolled Plate & Cold Rolled Sheet
● Cold Rolling Sheet Thickness: ≦2.0mm Width:≦1500m
● Hot rolling Plate Thickness: ≧4.0mm Width: ≦2500m
»Strip & Tape Ribbon
● Thickness: ≧ 0.01mm Width: 15mm-300mm
● Cold rolling BA Strip, Hard & Soft Condition
»Straight Length Wire & Spool Wire
● Welding Wire: φ 0.1mm～6.0mm Cut length Rod: φ1.0～φ8.0mm
● Package : 5-25kg/Spool or Box
Nitronic 50 APPLICATIONS
- Pressure vessels
- Saltwater pumps
- Marine hardware
- Marine pump shafts
- Screens and wire cloths
- Photographic equipment
- Underwater robotic arms
- Positive displacement pumps